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NamibiaNortheast & Zambezi Region



This place boasts one of Africa's highest concentrations of petroglyphs, or rock carvings. The rhinoceros is depicted in the majority of these well-preserved engravings. Six paintings of elephants, ostriches, and giraffes, as well as drawings of human and animal footprints and rock shelters with motifs of human beings in red ochre, can be found on the site. The artifacts discovered in two areas date back to the Late Stone Age.

The rock art represents a coherent, extensive, and high-quality record of ritual practices relating to hunter-gather communities in this part of southern Africa for at least two millennia, and eloquently reflects the links between ritual and economic practices of hunter-gatherers in terms of the importance of reliable water sources in nurturing communities on a seasonal basis.

The property's integrity is substantially preserved.Due to recent develpments in the area, the integrity of the rock engravings in this area has been badly harmed as a result of this.

All of the rock engravings and paintings in the core area are unmistakably the work of San hunter-gatherers who lived in the area long before Damara herders and European colonists arrived.

The Twyfelfontein rock art has been preserved in its original context, with the exception of one small engraved panel that was relocated to the National Museum in Windhoek in the early twentieth century, no panels
have been moved or re-arranged.

Twyfelfontein was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.

(Source UNESCO)


  • NamibiaNortheast & Zambezi Region

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