Skip to main content

Need assistance? Email Travel Support on:

Lake Turkana National Parks

KenyaNairobi & Great Rift ValleyLodwar


Lake Turkana National Parks 

Sibiloi National Park, the South Island, and the Central Island National Parks make up the Lake Turkana National Parks, which encompass a total area of 161,485 hectares inside the Lake Turkana basin, which has a total surface area of 7 million hectares. The Lake is East Africa's most saline lake and the world's largest desert lake, surrounded by a parched, almost alien landscape devoid of life.

The lengthy body of Lake Turkana, which stretches 249 kilometers from north to south and is 44 kilometers wide at its broadest point with a depth of 30 meters, dips down along the Rift Valley from the Ethiopian border. It is Africa's fourth largest lake, and it is known as the Jade Sea because because of its stunning color.

The property includes one hundred archaeological and paleontological sites, as well as distinctive geomorphological features such as fossil deposits on sedimentary formations. Numerous volcanic overflows with petrified trees can be found. The current ecological conditions give home for a varied range of plants and fauna.

Since the finding of Paranthropus boisei in 1969 at Kobi Fora, to the north of Allia Bay, extensive paleontological discoveries have been made. The discovery of Homo habilis two million years later confirms the existence of a relatively sophisticated hominid and reflects the climate transition from moist forest grassland when the now petrified forest was flourishing to the current hot desert.

The human and pre-human fossils include Austrolophithecus anamensis, Homo habilis/rudolfensis, Paranthropus boisei, Homo erectus, and Homo sapiens, all of which were discovered in the same location. These findings are crucial for comprehending the human species' evolutionary past.

The Nile crocodile, the hippopotamus, and various snake species all reproduce in the island parks. For palaearctic migrating birds, the lake is an important flyway passage and stopover.

The Lake Turkana National Parks were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.

(Source UNESCO)


  • KenyaNairobi & Great Rift ValleyLodwar

Additional Details